Aikido glossary (basic)

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Aikido glossary (basic)
Original Poster: bamboo
Forum: Japanese Martial Arts
Posted On: 24-05-2005, 13:14

Orginal Post: bamboo: I thought since we are doing styles it may be helpful for us to compile a glossary for each of our arts. The following is a basic but comprehensive guide to terms used in aikikai aikido. I will add to it as needed. Please feel free to add, I will edit and add them to the original list to keep this as one page.

Stances

Ai Hanmi
Mutual stance where uke and nage each have the same foot forward (right-right, left-left).
Chudan No Kamae
A stance with one’s hands/sword in a central position with respect to one’s body.
Gedan No Kamae
A stance with one’s hands or a weapon held in a lower position.
Gyaku Hanmi
Opposing stance (if uke has the right foot forward, nage has the left foot forward, if uke has the left foot forward, nage has the right foot forward).
Hanmi
Triangular stance. Most often, aikido techniques are practiced with uke and nage in pre-determined stances. This is to facilitate learning the techniques and certain principles of positioning with respect to an attack. At higher levels, specific hanmi cease to be of much importance.
Hanmi Handachi
Position with nage sitting and uke standing. Training in hanmi handachi is a good way of practicing techniques as though with a significantly larger/taller opponent. This type of training also emphasizes movement from one’s center of mass (hara).
Hidari Hanmi
Triangular stance with the left foot forward.
Hidari Tsuki No Kamae
A stance with the left hand/weapon extended.
Jodan No Kamae
A stance with the hands or a weapon held in a high position.
Kamae
A posture or stance either with or without a weapon. Kamae may also connote proper distance (maai) with respect to one’s partner.

Footwork

Irimi
Literally “Entering the Body”. Entering movement. The concept of irimi is to place oneself in relation to an attacker in such a way that the attacker is unable to continue to attack effectively, and in such a way that one is able to control effectively the attacker’s balance..
Irimi Issoku
Entering with a single step.
Irimi Tenkan
Enter and turn.
Tai No Henkou
“Change the body to blend.
Tai No Tenkan
Basic tenkan blending practice involving turning 180 degrees.
Tenkan
Turning movement, especially turning the body 180 degrees.
Tenshin
A movement where nage retreats 45 degrees away from the attack, especially to uke’s open side.

Attacks

Aia Tori
One hand holding one hand cross handed.
Eri Dori
Collar grab.
Gyaku Te Tori
Cross-hand grab, e.g. left to left.
Hiji Dori
Elbow grab.
Kata Dori
Shoulder grab/hold.
Kata Men Uchi
Shoulder grab and strike to the head.
Katate Dori
Same side wrist/hand grabKatate Dori Han Tai
Kousa Dori
Opposite side wrist/hand grab.
Kubi Shime
choke
Men Uchi
Strike to the head.
Morote Dori
Both hands grab partner’s hand/wrist.
Mune Dori
One or two hand lapel grab.
Mune Tsuki
strike to chest or stomach.
Ryo Kata Dori
Grabbing both shoulders.
Ryote Dori
Two hands grab both of partner’s wrists.
Ryote Mochi
Two hands grab both of partner’s wrists.
Shomen Uchi
Straight strike to the top of the head.
Tekubi Dori
Wrist/hand grab.
Tsuki
Straight punch
Ushiro
From behind
Ushiro Eri Dori
Collar grab from behind.
Ushiro Hiji Dori
Elbow grab from behind.
Ushiro Kata Dori
Shoulder grab from behind.
Ushiro Kubi Shime
Rear choke.
Ushiro Ryo Kata Dori
Grabbing both shoulders from the back.
Ushiro Ryote Dori
Two hands holding two hands from the back.
Ushiro Tekubi Dori
Wrist/hand grab from the back.
Yokomen Uchi
Diagonal strike to the side of the head.

Techniques

Henka Waza
Varied technique. Especially beginning one technique and changing to another in mid-execution.
Ikkyo
First teaching.
Kaeshi Waza
Technique reversal during a technique
Kansetsu Waza
Literally “Against the joint”. Joint manipulation
Katame Waza
“Hold-down” pin
Nikyo
Second teaching
Sankyo
Third teaching
Suwari Waza
seated techniques
Tachi Dori
Sword disarm
Tachi Waza
Standing techniques.
Tanto Dori
Tanto taking
Yonkyo
Fourth teaching
Gokyo
Fifth teaching

Throws

Aiki Otoshi
Blending drop throw.
Irimi Nage
Entering throw.
Juji Nage
Arm entwining throw.
Jyuji Garame
“X” throw.
Kaiten Nage
Wheel throw.
Kokyu Nage
Breath throws.
Koshi Nage
Hip throw.
Kote Gaeshi
Wrist turn-out throw.
Shiho Nage
“Four direction” throw.
Sumi Otoshi
“Corner drop
Tenchi Nage
“Heaven and earth” throw.

Body Parts

Ashi leg
Do rib area-trunk of the body
hiji elbow
kata shoulder
koshi hips
kubi neck
kuchi mouth
me eyes
men head
mune chest
te hand

Titles

shodan – first dan – first degree
nidan – second dan – second degree
sandan – third dan – third degree
yondan – fourth dan – fourth degree
godan - fifth dan – fifht degree
rokudan – sixth dan – sixth degree
shichidan – seventh dan – seventh degree
hachidan – eight dan – eight degree
kudan - ninth dan – ninth degree
judan – tenth dan – tenth degree

Weapons

Bo – 6′ staff
Jo - 4′ staff
Ken – sword
Boken – wooden sword
Tanto – knife

Numbers

01 ichi
02 ni
03 san
04 yon/shi
05 go
06 roku
07 nana/shichi
08 hachi
09 ku/kyu
10 ju
11 juichi
12 juni
13 jusan
14 juyon/jushi
15 jugo
16 juroku
17 junana/jushichi
18 juhachi
19 juku/jukyu
20 niju
21 nijuichi
22 nijuni

30 sanju
40 yonju
50 goju
60 rokuju
70 nanaju/shichiju
80 hachiju
90 kyuju
100 hyaku

Post: setsu nin to:

Congratulation bamboo, these dictionary is exeletn idea! Very interesting, just keep posting!>

Post: sheato:

Great idea! Handy too. Thanks, Bamboo :)>

Post: Raftrider:

Great dictionary, Bamboo! I still can’t memorize the technique names, so this should help! :D>

Post: bamboo:

Setsu,

I have taken from your posts and added to the original post in this thread. As I take from everyones posts in this thread I will delete them to eventually have only page with a comprehensive glossary.

I have also added more to the original list.

-bamboo>

Post: bluepoet2007:

This is wonderful, especially since I am very brand-new to aikido. This will help a lot with techniques I learn in class. Can’t wait to see what else gets added. Thanks so much!

bluepoet2007>

Post: bamboo:

Glad to be of help. :)>

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