Aikido glossary (basic)
Original Poster: bamboo
Forum: Japanese Martial Arts
Posted On: 24-05-2005, 13:14
Orginal Post: bamboo: I thought since we are doing styles it may be helpful for us to compile a glossary for each of our arts. The following is a basic but comprehensive guide to terms used in aikikai aikido. I will add to it as needed. Please feel free to add, I will edit and add them to the original list to keep this as one page.
Mutual stance where uke and nage each have the same foot forward (right-right, left-left).
Chudan No Kamae
A stance with one’s hands/sword in a central position with respect to one’s body.
Gedan No Kamae
A stance with one’s hands or a weapon held in a lower position.
Opposing stance (if uke has the right foot forward, nage has the left foot forward, if uke has the left foot forward, nage has the right foot forward).
Triangular stance. Most often, aikido techniques are practiced with uke and nage in pre-determined stances. This is to facilitate learning the techniques and certain principles of positioning with respect to an attack. At higher levels, specific hanmi cease to be of much importance.
Position with nage sitting and uke standing. Training in hanmi handachi is a good way of practicing techniques as though with a significantly larger/taller opponent. This type of training also emphasizes movement from one’s center of mass (hara).
Triangular stance with the left foot forward.
Hidari Tsuki No Kamae
A stance with the left hand/weapon extended.
Jodan No Kamae
A stance with the hands or a weapon held in a high position.
A posture or stance either with or without a weapon. Kamae may also connote proper distance (maai) with respect to one’s partner.
Literally “Entering the Body”. Entering movement. The concept of irimi is to place oneself in relation to an attacker in such a way that the attacker is unable to continue to attack effectively, and in such a way that one is able to control effectively the attacker’s balance..
Entering with a single step.
Enter and turn.
Tai No Henkou
“Change the body to blend.
Tai No Tenkan
Basic tenkan blending practice involving turning 180 degrees.
Turning movement, especially turning the body 180 degrees.
A movement where nage retreats 45 degrees away from the attack, especially to uke’s open side.
One hand holding one hand cross handed.
Gyaku Te Tori
Cross-hand grab, e.g. left to left.
Kata Men Uchi
Shoulder grab and strike to the head.
Same side wrist/hand grabKatate Dori Han Tai
Opposite side wrist/hand grab.
Strike to the head.
Both hands grab partner’s hand/wrist.
One or two hand lapel grab.
strike to chest or stomach.
Ryo Kata Dori
Grabbing both shoulders.
Two hands grab both of partner’s wrists.
Two hands grab both of partner’s wrists.
Straight strike to the top of the head.
Ushiro Eri Dori
Collar grab from behind.
Ushiro Hiji Dori
Elbow grab from behind.
Ushiro Kata Dori
Shoulder grab from behind.
Ushiro Kubi Shime
Ushiro Ryo Kata Dori
Grabbing both shoulders from the back.
Ushiro Ryote Dori
Two hands holding two hands from the back.
Ushiro Tekubi Dori
Wrist/hand grab from the back.
Diagonal strike to the side of the head.
Varied technique. Especially beginning one technique and changing to another in mid-execution.
Technique reversal during a technique
Literally “Against the joint”. Joint manipulation
Blending drop throw.
Arm entwining throw.
Wrist turn-out throw.
“Four direction” throw.
“Heaven and earth” throw.
Do rib area-trunk of the body
shodan – first dan – first degree
nidan – second dan – second degree
sandan – third dan – third degree
yondan – fourth dan – fourth degree
godan - fifth dan – fifht degree
rokudan – sixth dan – sixth degree
shichidan – seventh dan – seventh degree
hachidan – eight dan – eight degree
kudan - ninth dan – ninth degree
judan – tenth dan – tenth degree
Bo – 6′ staff
Jo - 4′ staff
Ken – sword
Boken – wooden sword
Tanto – knife
Post: setsu nin to:
Congratulation bamboo, these dictionary is exeletn idea! Very interesting, just keep posting!>
Great idea! Handy too. Thanks, Bamboo :)>
Great dictionary, Bamboo! I still can’t memorize the technique names, so this should help! :D>
I have taken from your posts and added to the original post in this thread. As I take from everyones posts in this thread I will delete them to eventually have only page with a comprehensive glossary.
I have also added more to the original list.
This is wonderful, especially since I am very brand-new to aikido. This will help a lot with techniques I learn in class. Can’t wait to see what else gets added. Thanks so much!
Glad to be of help. :)>