TO STORM A CASTLE FORM
Passai (æŠ«å¡ž) is the Japanese name of a group of kata practiced in different styles of martial arts, including karate and various Korean martial arts (Taekwondo, Tang Soo Do, Soo Bahk Do). There are several variations of these kata, including Passai sho (minor) and Passai dai (major) . In karate, the kata are known as Passai in Okinawan styles and Bassai in Japanese styles. In Korean, the kata has several names: Bassahee, Bal Se, Pal Che, Palsek, Bal Sae, Ba Sa Hee, and Bal Sak. The kata focus on the idea of changing disadvantage into advantage by strong and courageous response, switching blocks and differing degrees of power. The feeling of kata should be precise, with fast execution of technique and attention given to appropriate balance between speed and power. The Passai kata are usually classed as intermediate kata. It is generally first taught to karateka around 4th kyu and may be allowed to be performed as a grading kata as far as 1st dan (black belt).
This form has been used and practiced in many cultures, including China, Okinawa, Japan and Korea. The origins of this kata are obscure, however there are several theories as to its history. Some researchers believe the Passai kata is related to Chinese Leopard and Lion boxing forms, with some sequences bearing a resemblance to Leopard boxing (the opening blocking / striking movement in cross-legged stance) whereas others are more representative of Lion boxing (open handed techniques and stomping actions). Okinawan karate researcher Akio Kinjo believes that the name means ‘leopard-lion’. Other historians have noticed the resemblance between some parts of Passai and Wuxing Quan (“Five Element Fist”) Kung Fu. Here are the spellings in several Chinese dialects:
Traditional Chinese: è±¹ç…; Simplified Chinese: è±¹ç‹® (English: leopard-lion)
dialect phonetic spelling IPA
Mandarin Pinyin: bÃ oshÄ« [ pauË¥Ë©Ê‚ÉšË¥Ë¥ ]
Fuzhou dialect Foochow Romanized: BÃ¡-sÄƒi [ paË¥Ë¥saiË¥Ë¥ ]
Amoy Min Nan POJ: pÃ -sai [ paË¥Ë§saiË¥Ë¥ ]
Another theory as to the naming of the kata is that it may represent a person’s name. The name may also be a reference to a fortress. In Japanese, Bassai (æŠ«å¡žå° or æŠœç ¦å¤§) means “To Extract From A Castle” or “To Remove an Obstruction.” The name is often mistranslated to mean “to penetrate (storm) a fortress,” however, æŠ« (batsu) means to extract or remove, not to penetrate. YES, I know, the Kata is different. I feel the Power that my Kata’s develope when I do certain Katas this way.
Tags: Bassai, Renshi, Martial, Fookes, Form, Karate, Arts, Kata, Dai, Kevin